WEDNESDAY, May 12, 2021 (HealthDay News) – Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is more likely among black and Hispanic women, as well as those living in low-income areas and food swamps, with correlation with the black race which remains significant after adjustment for other variables, according to a study published online May 12 in Neurology.
Venkatesh L. Brahma, MD, of the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, and colleagues conducted a retrospective case-control study of adult female neuroophthalmology patients at an institution. A total of 223 women with 4,783 without IIH were included to examine the correlation with socioeconomic determinants of health.
The researchers found that women with IIH were more likely to be black or Hispanic and to live in low-income areas or food swamps after age adjustment (probabilities, 3.96, 2.23, 2.24, and 1.54, respectively). Compared with controls, patients with IIH were less likely to live in food deserts (odds ratio, 0.61). Even after adjusting for other variables, the correlation between black race and IIH remained significant.
“Our results support the racial disparities that can be seen in this condition,” Brahma said in a statement. “While at least part of this relationship is based on the link between obesity and idiopathic intracranial hypertension with low-income neighborhoods and food swamps, it does not fully explain the differences and there are likely to be other systemic disparities in health.” .
Several authors revealed financial links with the biopharmaceutical and medical technology industries; one author revealed the receipt of fees for witnesses and expert opinions in forensic cases.
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