For those who have the luxury of choosing, in New York City there are some high quality child care options. But these remain beyond the reach of the average New Yorker. For example, low-income New Yorkers, who mostly identify as black or Latino, tend to live and work in daycare deserts or payroll. As a result, their only viable options are home-based providers. These providers often lack access to education and training that allows them to help young people address their deeply complex developmental needs. As a result, we begin to see significant differences between socioeconomic groups from the age of 3 years.