All the May 28 is celebrated on International Day of Action for Women’s Health, with the aim of reaffirming the right to health Women’s. In 1987, the Latin American and Caribbean Women’s Health Network (RSMLAC) made the proposal to establish a day of global action in favor of the women’s health, and in 1988, it was commemorated for the first time with the launch of the Campaign for Morbidity Prevention Y Maternal Mortality, coordinated by the Global Network of Women for Reproductive Rights (RMMDR) and the Health Network. Deaths from gestation were, and still are, one of the indicators more dramatic inequity in health, as they overwhelmingly affect women from the poorer countries for whom being mothers is often life-threatening.
In 1996, the Global Network of Women for Reproductive Rights began an evaluation process of this campaign to broaden its thematic focus in the light of new troublesome that negatively affected the health of women. The Latin American and Caribbean organizations met in Cuenca, Ecuador, and since then decided to promote the Campaign for the Exercise of the Sexual and Reproductive Rights, under the coordination of the RSMLAC.
From that date until now, the RSMLAC has coordinated each May 28 calls to action, prioritizing issues such as quality of care, the services of sexual health Y reproductive for adolescents, citizenship in health, the serious impact of unsafe abortion, the agenda of the Cairo Conference and sexual and reproductive rights, and even took up the theme of the maternal mortality as a demand of social justice, considering that no substantial progress has been made in eradicating it.
Hundreds of affiliated groups have responded to these calls, developing different Actions creative, aimed at influencing both the society in general as well as decision makers, to sensitize them and exhort them to recognize and protect women’s health as a right. Likewise, in these processes, women’s organizations have been strengthening their leadership and their capacity to advocate with the public powers.
Today the Latin American Women’s Health Network and of the Caribbean proposes a new modality to commemorate this historic and emblematic date, starting in 2011 a Campaign for Comprehensive Health and Sexual Rights and Reproductive Rights of Women and Girls that emphasizes the comprehensive women’s health, taking into account the holistic and inclusive definition of the World Health Organization that states: “The right to health implies enjoying the most optimal state of physical, mental well-being Y social, and not only the absence of disease or discomfort ”.
The women’s right to enjoy integral Health throughout its entire life cycle it is a universal right. Comprehensive health is not a merely biological fact, but responds to biopsychosocial factors, that is, to social determinants, possibilities of access to material resources and symbolic to live a dignified life, with equality opportunities and free from violence.
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