The issues that seriously concern health are not the epidemic, the fumes or the parasites that rule the news and take up most of the government’s effort, but are the daily illnesses that people can face and that they do not take action.
Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) have become the leading cause of death and disability, contributing 67% to total mortality in Bangladesh. The chronic nature of NCDs expands the experience of suffering and the duration of treatment of patients, creating additional economic stress. A recent survey states that NCD prevention and treatment services have been severely affected since the COVID-19 pandemic began, with low-income countries such as Bangladesh being the hardest hit.
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Women face a particularly high risk of non-communicable diseases and interrelated health problems that are based on inequality and marginalization. Approximately two out of three women die from a noncommunicable disease, which accounts for 16.8 million deaths worldwide. Apart from the fact that women’s health status is also related to the health and vulnerability of their children, being born to a malnourished mother increases the risk of malnutrition, low birth weight and increased birth weight. vulnerability to NCDs in adulthood.
Even when health services are affordable, women’s sociocultural status translates into reduced access to health resources and health literacy. Women from lower socioeconomic backgrounds often give up access to care or medication funds to provide food or educational materials to their children. In addition, many young women and girls cannot make health decisions even for their children without the explicit approval of their husband or another family member.
Although both men and women are being affected by NCDs, there is a different level of vulnerability to risk factors: women are more likely to be obese than men. Recently, it seems that among women particular non-transmitted diseases such as CVD are diagnosed, which reveal the symptoms differently.
The modern way of life is the main cause of many non-communicable diseases, which has serious consequences and huge costs for health systems. Air pollution and unhealthy diet, which is accompanied by highly processed foods rich in fats, sugar and salt, feed the state of noncommunicable diseases as the biggest killer. As these products have become more available, the prevalence of MNT has exploded.
Above all, the implementation of sustainable solutions for NCDs requires political action. In addition, recognizing and investigating existing gender barriers in the community and the health care system may be the first step in alleviating some of the damage caused.
The integrated initiative of both the public and private sectors to initiate outreach programs that help address gender bias will help raise awareness of these barriers and how it manifests itself.
The writer works at Eminence Associates for Social Development. Email: email@example.com